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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Created September 30th, 2019, filed in Cervical Cancer

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder common in women. It is also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome. Women with PCOS produce higher amounts of male hormones than usual. It is a common hormonal disorder that causes different symptoms of reproductive age. Women who have PCOS may have infrequent or prolong menstrual period. The ovaries may develop an exceedingly small amount of fluid and fail to regularly release the eggs.

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown but early diagnosis and treatment with weight loss can reduce the further risks like type 2 diabetes and heart disease. PCOS also causes baldness or excessive hair growth on the face and body. Diabetes and birth control pills can help fix the hormonal problem and improve the symptoms. There is a treatment for symptoms and if you want to get pregnant it is still possible you have to try different methods.

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Dr. Laila Dave a Gynecologist and a senior consultant at Apollo Spectra, Mumbai says", PCOS is a burning problem nowadays. This is affecting all girls and ladies right from the age menarche till menopause. The exact cause is not yet known, the only thing we know that the ovaries starts behaving abnormally giving rise to problems in the menstrual cycle, weight gain, excessive hair growth, acne, and infertility.

What is PCOS?
PCOS is a problem with hormones that affects women during their childbearing age. Many women have PCOS but they don’t know this. Approximately 70% of women hadn’t diagnosed PCOS.

PCOS affects a woman’s ovaries which is the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone hormones. These hormones are necessary to prepare the uterus for menstruation, and their release is triggered by the hypothalamus. The ovaries produce a small number of male hormones called Androgens. estrogen and progesterone hormones are essential to normal reproductive function including regulation of the menstrual cycle.

The ovaries release eggs to be fertilized by men’s sperm, each month the eggs are released this process is called ovulation. PCOS affects ovaries and ovulation.

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Three main features are:
Cysts in the ovaries.
High levels of male hormones.
Irregular or skipped periods.
Many small fluid-filled sacs or cysts grow inside the ovaries, these sacs are follicles. The cysts are not harmful, but they can lead an imbalance in hormone levels. Each cysts containing an immature egg. This egg never matures to trigger the ovulation. The extra male hormones disturb the menstrual cycle so the women who have PCOS get fewer periods than usual.

Symptoms of PCOS
Some start seeing the symptoms during the first time of their menstrual period. others only get to know when they gain a lot of weight or they’ve had trouble getting pregnant. Signs and symptoms of PCOS vary. The most common symptoms are:

Irregular periods – irregular or prolonged menstrual cycle are the most common sign of PCOS. women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods of the year.
Weight gain – there are up to 80% of women with PCOS who are overweight.
Heavy bleeding – The uterine lining builds up for a long period, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.
Polycystic ovaries – ovaries might be enlarged and contain follicles that surround the eggs and might fail to function regularly.
Hair growth – women with this condition grow hair on their face and body, including their belly, back, and chest.
Acne – Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual causing pimples on the face, chest, and upper back.
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Headaches – In some women hormone changes can trigger headaches.
If you have some or several symptoms, let your doctor know. The treatment will help ease with symptoms and find out if you have PCOS. The sooner you start the treatment the better it is.

“Laparoscopy or Hysteroscopy not only evaluate infertility but also outline the treatment for the patient. In some cases, the patient may need to go for IVF (In vitro fertilization),” says Dr. Laila Dave from Apollo Spectra.

Medical Treatment for PCOS
The treatment will help you manage the symptoms and reduce the long-term problem such as diabetes and heart disease. You should talk to your doctor about your goals, for example, if you want to get pregnant then your treatment will focus on helping you conceive.

There are several options for PCOS treatment, as follows:
Birth control pills – It can help regulate the hormones and menstrual cycle.
Diabetes medications – This will help control diabetes if necessary.
Fertility treatment – This includes IVF treatment for conceiving.
Dr. Laila Dave says" At Apollo Spectra, we screen all the girls and ladies for Polycystic ovary syndrome. this has to be deal with 2 -3 other consultant beside a Gynecologist. During the treatment, the Gynecologist, Endocrinologist, and Cosmetologist would be present. For excessive pimple and hair growth, we required Cosmetologist. If your BMI is around 30-31% you might require bariatric surgery. All these facilities with the latest equipment and technology we have at Apollo Spectra.

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